Bivalves have evolved a range of complex shell forming mechanisms that are reflected by their incredible diversity in shell mineralogy and microstructures. A suite of proteins exported to the shell matrix space plays a significant role in controlling these features, in addition to underpinning some of the physical properties of the shell itself. Although, there is a general consensus that a minimum basic protein tool kit is required for shell construction, to date, this remains undefined. In this study the shell matrix proteins (SMPs) of four highly divergent bivalves (The Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas; the blue mussel, Mytilus edulis; the clam, Mya truncata and the king scallop, Pecten maximus) were analyzed in an identical fashion using proteomics pipeline. This enabled us to identify the critical elements of a “basic tool kit” for calcification processes, which were conserved across the taxa irrespective of the shell morphology and arrangement of the crystal surfaces. In addition, protein domains controlling the crystal layers specific to aragonite and calcite were also identified. Intriguingly, a significant number of the identified SMPs contained domains related to immune functions. These were often are unique to each species implying their involvement not only in immunity, but also environmental adaptation. This suggests that the SMPs are selectively exported in a complex mix to endow the shell with both mechanical protection and biochemical defense.
William Onyeabor, known for pioneering electro-funk in Nigeria, has passed away peacefully in his sleep at the age of 70. The mysterious man can be credited for bringing space-age disco and funk through the 70’s and 80’s, composing, recording, and manually pressing nine albums by hand, before becoming a born-again Christian. From 1985 until now, Onyeabor not only retired from the music industry, but refused to publicly discuss his work almost entirely. With many theories surrounding his whereabouts, the most recent Wikipedia claim is that he worked as a taxi driver in Ireland.More recently, Onyeabor’s music was revitalized through a compilation album organized by Talking Heads’ David Byrne, called Who Is William Onyeabor?. Byrne even went so far as to form a supergroup with Money Mark, Alexis Taylor (Hot Chip), Pat Mahoney (LCD Soundsystem), Kele Okereke (Bloc Party), Luke Jenner (The Rapture), Devonte Hynes (Blood Orange), Joshua Redman, The Lidaju Sisters, Ghostpoet, and Sinkane called Atomic Bomb!.Read more about William Onyeabor in the Facebook post below, as written by Luaka Bop:William Onyeabor is perhaps best known for his song “Better Change Your Mind,” which you can listen to below:Rest In Peace, William Onyeabor!
After the success of last year’s night game against USC, the Notre Dame football team will add two home night games to the upcoming season. According to a University press release, Notre Dame will host Michigan on September 22 at night, while the game against Miami at Chicago’s Soldier Field will also be held at night. Mike Seamon, the associate vice president for campus safety, said the game day operations team started to prepare for this season’s night games as soon as they were confirmed. “We’ll look to build on the successes of last year’s night game, while trying to identify any new opportunities to improve the game day experience,” he said. “Last year, we had additional staff, fire department personnel, medical teams, parking personnel, police, on hand throughout the day and the night to help all the fans and guests.” Sophomore Kristen Jackson said she is most excited for the night game against Michigan this coming season. “I’m excited for the Michigan game because my parents went to Michigan for college,” she said. Sophomore Matt Hayes said he is most excited to watch the Irish play in a large venue in a big city. “I got to go to the Army game, so I’m really pumped to see us play in a legit stadium at night,” he said. Seamon also looks forward to another game under the lights. “I enjoyed seeing the University showcased in prime time on national television,” he said. “The night game provides the University an opportunity to tell its story to an even broader audience. A game at Notre Dame Stadium under the lights is a pretty special experience.” Even though night games are a fan favorite, they are not going to be heavily integrated into future Notre Dame football schedules, senior associate athletic director for media relations John Heisler said. “For a variety of reasons, the University is not looking for a steady diet of home football night games,” he said. “However the response to the Notre Dame-USC game last year proved favorable and that certainly played a major role in consideration of another home night game for 2012.” Even though the University does not plan on adding more night games in the future, many students would like to see more on the schedule. “The energy is just a lot better,” sophomore Noah Rangel said. “You have more time to get into the game.” Freshman Max Brown also wants to see more games played at night. “A night game is a really cool experience, he said. “I mean, they already have the lights there.” Contact Anna Boarini at [email protected]
Related Shows View Comments Pageant: The Musical Show Closed This production ended its run on Oct. 26, 2014 Conceived by Robert Longbottom, Pageant features contestants desperately vying for a glittering tiara. With swimsuit, talent and evening gown competitions, the show includes both the thrill of victory and the agony of defeat. Unlike some (though possibly not all) beauty pageants you’ve seen before, the female contestants are all played by men and the audience gets to select the winner each night. The show is penned by two-time Tony nominee Bill Russell and Frank Kelly and features music by Albert Evans. The cast of Pageant: The Musical includes John Bolton as the host, with Nick Cearley, Alex Ringler, Marty Thomas, Seth Tucker, Curtis Wiley and Nic Cory as the gaggle of tiara-crazed hopefuls. The queens of Pageant: The Musical are set to record a cast album on Jay Records in October. The drag-themed tuner recently extended its off-Broadway run for a second time and will play the Davenport Theatre through October 26. Directed by Matt Lenz, Pageant plays Monday, Saturday and Sunday evenings.
The German airline resumed regular flight operations and asked the government for a loan while the parent company went into liquidation and ceased operations. The sister airline Thomas Cook Airlines UK grounded all flights immediately following the announcement of insolvency early Monday morning. Condor also filed a motion to protect the proceedings to become fully independent of the Thomas Cook Group. This would protect the carrier from the possible requirements of the parent company. RELATED NEWS: Adria Airways continues to hold active talks with potential investors and major creditors and remains committed to achieving a positive solution for all. Adria Airways still advises its passengers to check who their carrier is before arriving at the airport, and if it is Adria Airways, they should contact the sales offices where the tickets were purchased. We recommend all travelers and partners to regularly follow online announcements on www.adria.si . The Slovenian government rejected Adria’s request to help her with four million euros. Condor Flugdienst GmbH received a guarantee from the German and Hessen governments for a six-month bridging loan of 380 million euros. This obligation is subject to the approval of the European Commission. Only after the European Commission makes a positive decision, the loan of the German development loan corporation KfW can turn out. The date of the decision has yet to be confirmed. The loan is needed to avoid bottlenecks during the traditionally weak winter season, following the insolvency of former British parent company Thomas Cook Group, Condor reports. Source: Croatian Chamber of Commerce, Večernji list, Condor At its session last week, the government decided to help CA with HRK 250 million to stabilize operations before the planned recapitalization On the other hand, it is interesting how Thomas Cook asked the UK Parliament for financial assistance, which was denied, as in the case of Adria Airways. and after the company failed to financially close the rescue plan, it declared bankruptcy. On the other hand, the majority owner of Croatia Airlines is the Croatian state, which will still “help” its airline. Photo: Pixabay.com XL Airways, a French budget airline, said it had suspended ticket sales due to financial difficulties, as the latest example of low-cost airlines facing financial problems (recalling the case of Aigle Azur). They stated on their website that flights could be canceled from September 23 onwards, although they hope to launch regular flights for this weekend. The collapse of Thomas Cook, one of the oldest and most famous travel agencies in the world, opened Pandora’s box and led to problems throughout the European airspace as well as in other airlines. Thus, the Slovenian national airline Adria Airways suspended almost all its flights three days ago due to lack of money needed to continue operating. The company has officially announced that the cessation of all its operations, THE DESTRUCTION OF THOMAS COOK: 190 BRITISH TOURISTS STUCK IN DUBROVNIK MVEP AND MINT: NO THOMAS COOK GUEST IN CROATIA WILL BE DAMAGED OR UNCERTAINTED
Town ‘obliterated’ Harold claimed 27 lives in the Solomon Islands last week, and on Tuesday tore through Vanuatu, destroying much of the country’s second-largest town Luganville.World Vision’s Vanuatu director Kendra Gates Derousseau said an aerial survey carried out by disaster officials late Tuesday showed the town of Melsisi on Pentecost island had also been devastated.”We’ve done some programming there in the past, so I can recognize the landmarks — you can see that 90 percent of all buildings are obliterated, is the term I’d use,” she told AFP.A massive international aid effort was launched after the last Category Five storm to hit Vanuatu, Cyclone Pam in 2015, flattened the capital Port Vila.But Vanuatu’s international borders are currently closed as the impoverished Pacific nation bids to remain one of the world’s few places with no confirmed COVID-19 cases.The government has revoked a domestic travel ban imposed as part of its virus response, which will allow disaster relief to flow from Port Vila to the worst-hit islands in the north.New Zealand said it had deployed a P-3 Orion aircraft to help with damage assessments and allocated NZ$500,000 (US$300,000) in aid funding for essential supplies.Foreign Minister Winston Peters said Wellington would provide further assistance if requested by Vanuatu.”We are aware that the Government of Vanuatu is running a ‘keep it out’ strategy, and we will give serious consideration to ensure that any response to the Cyclone does not lead to the spread of COVID-19 to Vanuatu,” he said.The cyclone formed off the Solomons last week, where it washed dozens of passengers from an inter-island ferry into the sea. It was initially expected to only reach Category Three.Latest forecasts say it will brush past Tonga early Thursday, still at Category Four strength, before petering out over the sea by the weekend. Topics : A deadly Pacific storm slammed into Fiji on Wednesday, tearing off roofs and flooding towns, after leaving a trail of destruction in the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu.Tropical Cyclone Harold weakened slightly overnight from a scale-topping Category Five to a Four, but was still lashing Fiji with winds of up to 240 kilometers per hour, forecasters said.The official NaDraki weather service said the cyclone was offshore south of Fiji’s main island Viti Levu, but passing closer to land than initially expected. “We are expecting a significant storm surge to be very dangerous for those living in coastal areas, we urge you to move to higher ground,” it said.NDMO director Vasiti Soko said evacuation centers had been set up and officials were attempting to maintain social distancing to ensure COVID-19 did not spread among those fleeing the cyclone.Fiji has 15 cases of the coronavirus, with all known sufferers in quarantine before the cyclone hit. Despite the downgrade, it said Harold remained “extremely dangerous” and advised residents in the island’s south to shelter in churches, schools or other substantial buildings.Images on social media showed extensive damage at Nausori, just outside Suva, with corrugated iron roofs peeled back by the ferocious winds.The main street of Ba, in the island’s north, was submerged after the local river burst its banks.The National Disaster Management Office said residents along much of the south coast, home to many of the country’s major tourist resorts, should evacuate.
Dini said Indonesian representative to the UN Hasan Kleib had asked the council to watch over human rights abuses in the fishing industry during a discussion held in Geneva on May 8, which talked about global efforts to provide human rights protection in handling COVID-19.She further said the government demanded the council’s role in providing protection to vulnerable groups that often went unnoticed, such as crewmen aboard fishing vessels.Read also: Indonesian sailors’ deaths on Chinese fishing vessel raise questions about working conditionsProtection for workers in the fishing industry is important as the industry is one of the key industries of the global food chain, especially amid the COVID-19 pandemic. The Indonesian government has officially asked the United Nations Human Rights Council to pay attention to alleged human rights violations in the fishing industry.The call was made in light of the alleged exploitation of four Indonesian crewmen aboard the Chinese fishing vessel Long Xin 629, which led to the death of the sailors between December 2019 and April this year.“The government is serious about probing the alleged exploitation of Indonesian crewmen. We have reported this case to the UN Human Rights Council,” presidental spokesman for legal affairs Dini Purwono said in a statement on Thursday. Meanwhile, the police are currently pursuing the labor agent alleged to have committed human trafficking.“The police’s Criminal Investigation Agency is investigating the case as a crime of human trafficking,” Dini said.Earlier this week, a video featured on South Korea’s Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation (MBC) showed a group of men throwing an orange body bag, which is believed to contain the dead body of an Indonesian crew member, off a fishing vessel.MBC reported four Indonesian sailors registered to Long Xing 629 had died allegedly after reportedly enduring poor working conditions. Two unidentified Indonesian sailors told MBC that crew members allegedly were only allowed to take short breaks every six hours, had almost no time to sleep and were made to drink filtered seawater. (aly) Topics :
In addition, Willie O’Dea, a prominent member of the Fianna Fáil party who tabled the bill, has called for a new method of calculating liabilities to make them less of a financial strain on sponsors.In a blog post on his website on Tuesday, O’Dea said the current calculation method for liabilities was “artificial” and “the chief culprit” behind scheme closures.“At present, the calculation of liabilities of the defined pension scheme is based on a hypothetical situation,” O’Dea said. “The question is: would the pension scheme be able to meet all these liabilities if it was wound up tomorrow? This is a total misunderstanding of the long-term nature of pension provision.”He continued: “Schemes are not designed to wind up tomorrow. They are designed to build assets and meet liabilities over an adult’s lifetime. We need to move to an ongoing funding model that recognises this.”O’Dea’s bill called for the Pensions Authority to launch a study of alternative liability calculations.“New methods of calculating liabilities must be found that would help save the pension schemes we have and create an incentive for the creation of others,” O’Dea said.In a debate in the lower house last month, O’Dea and Willie Penrose of the Labour party both called for greater protections for DB members. However, Leo Varadkar, minister for social protection, claimed that the proposals could destabilise some companies and render others insolvent.“The only legislative changes I will recommend… are ones I am confident will do good and not unintended harm,” Varadkar said. “If Penrose and O’Dea and colleagues from other parties want to come together to put through legislation that could potentially do untold harm to many people, they should by all means do so. However, the consequences will be on their heads.”Consultancy firm LCP warned of several “unintended consequences” of the bill, including the pre-emptive closure of viable schemes by employers wishing to avoid the legislation.However, LCP supported O’Dea’s proposals regarding liability calculations, adding: “we would question the extent to which the other elements of the Bill can be enacted without this element. We can only hope that the outcomes of such an exercise will be constructive.In an update on its website, LCP said: “Overall we welcome the fact that attention is being focused on legislation impacting defined benefit pension schemes and hope for constructive outcomes whether they are based on this bill or an alternative.” Ireland’s main opposition political party has tabled a bill to make it illegal for companies to abandon defined benefit (DB) pension schemes with deficits.Fianna Fáil managed to pass the bill in Ireland’s lower house (Dáil Éireann) last week, despite opposition from the ruling Fine Gael party. It is now being considered by the joint committee on social protection.If passed, the Pensions Authority will have the power to stop employers walking away from their pension funds and to step in to help those companies who are struggling to finance their schemes.Last year, Independent News & Media abruptly chose to wind up its scheme, despite a reported €23m shortfall. Ireland’s current law does not require sponsors to make good on deficits, and it does not have an insurance facility for schemes, such as the Pension Protection Fund in the UK.
Norma Elaine Kolb, age 77, of Brookville, Indiana died Thursday, March 3, 2016 at her residence in Brookville.Born November 27, 1938 in Hamilton, Ohio, she was the daughter of the late Norman Earl Turner. She attended the former Whitewater High School, and also the Connersville Area Vocational School. She went on to become a machinist, and was the first female C & C Operator at Campbell Hausfeld in Harrison, Ohio.On March 10, 1956 she became the wife of Leo Kolb, and he survives.She was a member of St. Michael the Archangel Catholic Church in Brookville, the Daughters of Isabella, and had also served as a Brownies Leader. She had a deep devotion to her family, and providing for them. She was also well known for her baking skills, and in her later years became known as the “Pie Lady”.Besides Leo, her husband of nearly 60 years, survivors include six children, Veronica Lynn Ensor of Lawrenceburg, Indiana, Kimberly S. Sizemore and Beverly Kolb both of Brookville, Indiana, James (Linda) Kolb of Maineville, Ohio, Elmer (Lori) Kolb of West Harrison, Indiana, and Brenda K. Cheeseman of Cincinnati, Ohio; 11 grandchildren; 9 great-grandchildren; 8 brothers & sisters, Lois Abercrombie of South Carolina, James (Bonnie) Turner of West Harrison, Indiana, Walter (Linda) Turner and Cecil Turner all of Brookville, Indiana, Ethel Lee (Luther) Noble of Cedar Grove, Indiana, Frank Turner of Aurora, Indiana, and Daniel Stevens and Herbert Stevens both of Kentucky.She was preceded in death by her father, Norman Earl Turner, as well as a brother Norman Eugene Turner.The Very Rev. Sean Danda will officiate the Mass of Christian Burial on Monday, March 7, 2016, 10:30 A.M., at St. Michael the Archangel Catholic Church, 145 East St. Michaels Blvd., Brookville. Burial will then follow in St. Michaels Catholic Cemetery in Brookville.Family & friends may visit from 4 until 8:00 P.M. on Sunday, March 6, 2016 at Phillips & Meyers Funeral Home, 1025 Franklin Avenue, Brookville, where the Rosary will be recited at 3:45 P.M. on Sunday.Memorial contributions may be directed to St. Michaels Catholic School. Phillips & Meyers Funeral Home is honored to serve the Kolb family, to sign the online guest book or send personal condolences please visit www.phillipsandmeyers.com .